Detailed Medical ivf Dictionary in North Cyprus Ivf Centre

Medical ivf Dictionary

30 December 2014
Medical ivf Dictionary

Agonist:

A synthetically hormone produced as a duplicate of a natural one.

Amniocentesis:

Analysis of cells of the baby by assessing some of the liquid in which the fetus develops.

Andrologist:

Male infertility specialist (can be an urologist or gynaecologist)

Insemination:

The introduction of sperm cells by help of a catheter into the womb.

Asthenozoospermia:

Reduced sperm motility (activity).

Azoospermia:

No spermatozoid (live sperm cells) in the semen. Biological mother and father: Providers of the eggs and sperm cells.

Biopsy:

Removal of a sample from a tissue.

Donor:

Provider of sperm, oocyte, embryo and such for transfer.

Fertilization:

The egg and sperm cell joining to become one cell.

Ejaculation:

The ejection of semen (sperm).

Embryo:

A fertilized egg, starting of two cells till the second month of pregnancy Endometriosis: Endometrium cells, which should normally be in the uterus, are present somewhere else in the body, usually in the abdomen cavity.

Endometrium:

The layer/lining covering the inner part of the uterus.

Fetus:

Name given to the embryo after two months.

Physiology:

Scientific field studying functions and specifications of the organs and tissue.

Follicle:

Tissue/Units inside the ovary containing follicular fluid and the egg.

FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone):

Hormone secreted by the pituitary gland (hyphohpysis) that causes the development of follicles in women and spermatogenesis in men.

Genetic GnRH (Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone):

Hormone secreted by the brain that controls the hyphophysis.

HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin):

Hormone released by the embryo, used in diagnosing pregnancy. Due to its similarity to LH (Luteinizing Hormone), medication containing this hormone is given to the patient to start ovulation.

Hemophilia:

A type of bleeding disorder. Bleeding lasts longer because the blood doesn’t clot as it should.

Hyperstimulation:

Ovaries over-reacting to stimulation due to hormonal medication. Ovaries are enlarged and cysts may develop.

Hyphophysis:

Gland which controls almost all metabolic processes related to secretion of hormones located at the base of the brain.

Hysterosalpingography:

It is a radiologic investigation of the uterus and fallopian tubes to assess their inner structure.

HMG (Human Menopausal Gonadotropin):

Medication containing FSH and LH hormones to stimulate the ovaries.

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection):

Injecting a spermatozoid into the egg. It is the most common micromanipulation method.

Implantation:

The beginning stage of pregnancy when the embryo adheres to the endometrium cells in the uterus.

Infertile:

A person who cannot have a child in a certain amount of time.

Infertility:

Not having a child in a certain amount of time.

Incubator:

A device in which embryo is developed (embryo culture) in a temperature close human temperature.

Insemination:

Introducing sperm into the uterus or to put spermatozoid together with the eggs for fertilization.

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization):

Test tube baby.

Catheter:

A plastic thin tube used to place sperm and the embryo.

Cordocentesis:

Removal of a piece of the umbilical cord of the fetus for analysis.

Corpus Luteum:

After ovulation, the remaining follicle changes into this tissue.

Chromosome:

It is the structure within the nucleus of each cell which provides genetic heritage. There are 46 chromosomes in humans.

Culture Medium:

Fluid which helps the development of the embryo in a laboratory environment.

Laparoscopy:

A surgical method to monitor inside the abdomen.

LH (Luteinizing Hormone):

Hormone, which triggers ovulation, secreted by the hyphophysis.

Menopause:

End of monthly (period) cycle.

Micromanipulation:

Method to introduce spermatozoid into the egg. Microinjection is the most common one.

Microinjection:

Injecting the spermatozoid into the egg.

Molecular Biology:

Area of science studying structures inside cells.

Oligozoospermia:

Refers to semen with low concentrations of sperm.

Oocyte:

Egg; female genital cell.

Ovary:

Ovum producing female reproductive organ.

Ovulation:

Egg production.

Oestradiol:

Female hormone secreted by follicle and corpus luteum.

Pipette:

Thin glass tube.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:

Presence of a lot of small cysts in the ovaries.

Post Coital Test:

Assessment of a woman’s cervical mucus and the presence and activity of sperm.

Progesterone:

Hormone secreted by corpus luteum.

Pronucleus:

Nucleus of a cell containing 23 chromosomes. One carries female and the other male chromosomes.

Serum:

Fluid extracted after blood has clotted.

Cycle (cyclus):

Duration of time between the first day of the menstrual cycle to menstruation day. On average it takes 28 days.

Sperm Bank:

Facility where healthy sperm is frozen stored (cryopreserved) in liquid nitrogen.

Sperm Canals:

Passage for the sperm/semen starting from the testis (testicle) and going to the tip of the penis.

Spermatid:

Previous stage of a spermatozoid.

Spermatogenesis:

Process in which the spermatozoid is developed.

Spermatozoid:

Mature male germ cell (sperm cell).

Sterile:

Not able to produce child.

Teratozoospermia:

Increase in abnormal spermatozoid morphology.

Testis/Testicle:

Male reproductive gland producing sperm.

Test Tube Baby:

One reproductive assistance technology which is used to develop the embryo in a laboratory environment (outside of the human body)

Varicocele:

Abnormal enlargement of testis veins.

Stimulation of the ovaries:

Introducing medication such as GnRH analogues, hMG and hCG to the patient in order to produce more than one egg.

 

 

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